A cornea transplant is a surgical procedure and is also called a keratoplasty. A person whose cornea is diseased or damaged is likely to suffer from loss of vision and other symptoms. In a corneal transplant procedure, a part of the patient’s cornea is replaced with corneal tissue from a donor.
The light rays that pass through the cornea help you focus your eyes. If the cornea gets damaged, it may distort your vision.
Possible causes for the damage could be bacterial infections, heredity or scars due to an injury.
At the outset, our experts recommend use of prescription glasses, contact lenses and medication to treat the cornea. However, a corneal transplant becomes necessary when nothing else works.
Some eye problems that are cured through corneal transplant:
Corneal transplant is a safe procedure. However, there are some risk factors associated with it:
Signs & Symptoms:
In some cases, your body's immune system may mistakenly attack the donor cornea. This is called rejection, and it may require medical treatment or another cornea transplant.
Some symptoms of rejection:
At Medcare, preparations for a corneal transplant are done as follows:
Schedule a consultation at Medcare’s Ophthalmology Department to understand the various option for corneal transplants. The different types of corneal transplants are:
A: When a person's cornea gets damaged from infection, disease or an injury, it becomes less transparent and its shape changes too. A corneal transplant can restore vision, reduce pain and improve the appearance of a damaged or diseased cornea. While most corneal transplant surgeries are successful there is a small risk of rejection of the donor cornea.
A: It usually takes at least 6 to 8 weeks. Your eyes may be red and sensitive to light. Some people feel discomfort or soreness for a few days longer. In some cases, a removal of sutures may be needed, and eye drops may be required for a long time.
A: During a corneal transplant, the surgeon cuts through the entire thickness of the diseased cornea to remove a small disk of the corneal tissue. Then an instrument that acts like a cookie cutter is used to make this precise circular cut.
A: A corneal transplant involves replacing a diseased cornea with a new one. When the cornea becomes cloudy, light cannot penetrate the eye to reach the light sensitive retina. Poor vision or blindness may occur.
A: No, you shouldn't wear any make-up after the corneal transplant for at least a month after the surgery.