If you would seek health, look first to the spine. – Socrates

Lower back pain

As the name suggests, lower back pain is a condition in which a person suffers a pain in the lower back, which starts below the rib cage and is also called the lumbar region. The pain can also extend to the buttocks and the legs. In most cases, lower back pain is the result of an injury, such as muscle sprains or strains due to poor body mechanics.

Possible Causes:

Stiffness and pain in the lower part of the back, which may also extend to the buttocks and legs. This pain is can be caused by injured muscles, ligaments, joints and discs that support the lower back of the spine, like:

  • Overstrained muscles, or muscles that may become weak due to lack of exercise
  • Poor posture
  • Degenerated or herniated discs at the lumbar spine
  • Conditions such as osteoarthritis, myofascial pain or fibromyalgia

Risk Factors:

The risk of suffering from lower back pain increases by the following factors:

  • Age
  • Smoking cigarettes: increases your risk of having disc disease.
  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle
  • Lifting heavy loads

Signs & Symptoms:

Lower back pain symptoms vary from case to case. Some may experience a dull ache while others may feel a severe and shooting pain ant the lower back region (lumbosacral spinal region), sometime radiating to the legs (lower limbs). The pain can make it hard to move or stand straight.


At Medcare, a spine specialist will start to assess the patient with a medical history, physical exam, checking for muscle strength, sensation and reflexes. If necessary, imaging tests may be required. 

You may be asked to have an x-ray, MRI, CT scan and/or electroneuromyography (ENMG) for the proper diagnosis. The underlying cause – whether non-specific muscular pain, a damaged disc, or any condition such as osteoarthritis, myofascial pain or fibromyalgia can be identified.

Treatment Options:

Consult a spine specialist at Medcare for the best lower back pain treatment for your condition. You may be prescribed medication for lower back pain relief. Another possible treatment is spinal injections to the back. 

Physiotherapy will help you to strengthen your back muscles and show you exercises that will not hurt your back. If the cause is a degenerated or herniated disc that requires surgery, then your spine specialist will explain and may suggest that.

FAQs: الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • My work involves standing for hours. How can I avoid lower back pain?

    A: You could try to rest one leg on a low stool while you stand. Change the foot in about 10-15 minutes. Maintain a good posture – head up, shoulders straight, chest forward, weight balanced on both feet and hips tucked in.

  • My back hurts and I don’t feel like getting out of bed. Will the rest do me good?

    A: If the cause of lower back pain is muscle strain, then it’s best to resume normal activities as soon as possible. Too much rest may reduce muscle tone and flexibility and aggravate the pain.

  • Suffering from lower back pain seems to be making me feel depressed. What can I do?

    A: Lower back pain can have psychological consequences. Your sleep may be disturbed due to the pain. You may be avoiding certain activities and situations due to pain. As this starts affecting your work or hobbies or social life, it could lead to depression. So it’s very important that you maintain a good level of physical activity. 

    Discuss with your spine specialist and physiotherapist and create a fitness plan that suits you. This will prevent you from getting depression. And of course, follow the treatment suggested for your lower back pain meticulously.