6 Signs of a Heart Attack a Month Before

Written By: Dr. Brajesh Mittal

Dr. Brajesh Mittal is an interventional cardiology specialist in Dubai. He has completed his MD from the University of Rajasthan in India, and has earned fellowship of several international bodies.

Updated On:May 15, 2024

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Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in both men and women. Heart attacks can strike abruptly or without warning, but many patients may have warning signals hours, days, or even weeks in advance. You can help save your life or the life of someone you love by being aware of these symptoms and indicators.

Signs of a Heart Attack

The following are some of the most typical heart attack warning signals that you could encounter before the actual attack:

Frequent Chest Pain 

One of the most typical indications of a heart attack is chest pain or discomfort. Your chest may feel tight, pressured, or squeezed. Shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, or vomiting are frequently accompanied by discomfort, which may also spread to your arms, neck, jaw, back, or stomach. Seek emergency medical assistance immediately away if you have chest pain or discomfort that lasts for longer than a few minutes. It's crucial to understand that not everyone who has a heart attack suffers chest discomfort, and other individuals may only have minor or no symptoms at all.

Abdominal Discomfort 

More than half of heart attacks in both sexes involve abdominal discomfort. An upset stomach, nausea with a full or empty stomach, or feeling bloated are possible symptoms. Overlooked heart attack symptoms include acid reflux or heartburn. If something seems off, pay heed to what your body is telling you and seek immediate medical help.

Dizziness 

Lightheadedness or dizziness can be symptoms of a heart attack. A heart attack can be impending if the dizziness is accompanied by chest discomfort or shortness of breath. You can get dizziness or the sensation that the room is spinning. This could be brought on by a drop in blood supply to the brain or a heart attack-related irregular heartbeat.

Sweating 

Sweating excessively or breaking out in a cold sweat can heart attack.

Irregular Heartbeats and/or Shortness of Breath

An irregular heartbeat may be an indication of atrial fibrillation, which is a heart rhythm disorder. Another indication of a heart attack is shortness of breath. It is possible for you to experience difficulty breathing or the sensation of lack of air. Wheezing and coughing are other potential symptoms. Chest pain or discomfort, weariness, wooziness, or nausea may also be present together with shortness of breath.

Get medical help immediately if you're experiencing problems breathing

Reduce Your Risk of a Heart Attack 

You may do a number of things to lessen your risk of having a heart attack. Here are a few of these:

  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet, exercise often, and keep your weight under control to maintain a healthy lifestyle. 

  • If you smoke, put an immediate halt to it. Your chance of having heart disease can be significantly reduced by quitting smoking. 

  • By taking the right medications and making lifestyle adjustments, you may keep illnesses like diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol under control.

  • Reduce stress: Use relaxation methods to control stress, such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises. Your chance of having a heart attack might rise if you are under a lot of stress.

Additionally, it's critical to evaluate your general health and determine your risk for heart disease by visiting your doctor on a regular basis. By taking these actions, you may greatly lower your chance of having a heart attack and encourage heart health.

In case of Emergency 

It's crucial to get medical help right away if you suffer any of the symptoms mentioned above. Your heart might suffer greater harm the longer you put off getting help. The actions you should do are as follows:

  • Contact the emergency medical services.

  • Give the emergency medical staff as much information as you can about your symptoms, medical background, and any drugs you are taking when they arrive.

References 

Dracup, K., Moser, D. K., Eisenberg, M., Meischke, H., Alonzo, A. A., & Braslow, A. (1995). Causes of delay in seeking treatment for heart attack symptoms. Social science & medicine, 40(3), 379-392.

Finn, J. C., Bett, J. H. N., Shilton, T. R., Cunningham, C., & Thompson, P. L. (2007). Patient delay in responding to symptoms of possible heart attack: can we reduce time to care?. Medical journal of Australia, 187(5), 293-298.

Goff Jr, D. C., Feldman, H. A., McGovern, P. G., Goldberg, R. J., Simons-Morton, D. G., Cornell, C. E., ... & Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment. (1999). Prehospital delay in patients hospitalized with heart attack symptoms in the United States: the REACT trial. American heart journal, 138(6), 1046-1057.

Han, C. H., Kim, H., Lee, S., & Chung, J. H. (2019). Knowledge and poor understanding factors of stroke and heart attack symptoms. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(19), 3665.

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