Your liver produces cholesterol which is required for the formation of cell membranes, certain hormones, and vitamin D. It also produces low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) which carry cholesterol through your bloodstream. If your blood contains too much LDL cholesterol (cholesterol carried by low-density lipoprotein), you have a condition called high cholesterol.
Primarily the cause of high cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol is a sedentary lifestyle combined with obesity and an unhealthy eating habit. High cholesterol causes include:
In some people due to genetic factors at play, your liver may produce too much cholesterol or a build-up of LDL cholesterol may occur in your blood.
The following factors increase your risk of developing high cholesterol:
Signs & Symptoms:
There are no noticeable symptoms of high cholesterol. A blood test is the only way to detect if you have it. If your test results aren't within desirable ranges, our doctor may insist on regular tests. If you have a family history of high cholesterol, heart disease or other risk factors, such as smoking, diabetes or high blood pressure then your doctor may ask you to test yourself more often.
Get your cholesterol checked regularly at Medcare. Ask your physician how often you should have it checked.
A blood test called lipid profile is done to gauge cholesterol levels. It gives details of the total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides in our blood. Depending on the readings, your doctor will decide a line of treatment.
At Medcare, internal medicine specialists will prescribe the best high cholesterol treatment for you.
Changes in your lifestyle, healthy eating habits and exercise are the main treatments recommended for combatting high cholesterol levels in the blood. Despite these modifications if your cholesterol levels continue to remain high, our doctors will recommend medication.
Depending on your age, health and medical history our specialists will usually prescribe statins, bile-acid-binding resins, cholesterol absorption inhibitors or other medications used for people with a genetic condition or those with a history of coronary disease.
A: Avoid fats found in red meats and dairy products, as well as hydrogenated fats that are present in processed food. You can enjoy unsaturated fats from sources such as olives, fish, avocados and nuts. A high fibre diet is good for you, so do eat whole grains, beans, legumes and flax. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
A: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is called "good" cholesterol because it helps remove other forms of cholesterol from your bloodstream. It picks up excess cholesterol in your blood and takes it back to your liver where it's broken down and removed from your body. Higher levels of HDL cholesterol lower your risk of heart disease.
A: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or ‘bad’ cholesterol lines the walls of your arteries, hardening and narrowing them. It causes blockages and increases your risk of a heart attack.