Diabetes mellitus is a disease that does not allow your body to use the energy from the food that you eat. Sugar from your food gets converted to energy only in the presence of insulin. In this condition either your body doesn't make enough insulin or it can't use the insulin that it produces.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Researchers now believe that type 1 diabetes causes may include genes and environmental triggers, such as viruses.
Type 2 diabetes is more common and is caused by hereditary and lifestyle factors.
Signs & Symptoms:
Type 2 diabetes often begins with insulin resistance, when muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use glucose well. The body then needs more insulin to help glucose enter the cells. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin, but over time it cannot, so blood glucose levels rise.
Diabetes symptoms could include any of the following:
The diabetes specialist at Medcare will diagnose diabetes through a blood test. If you are experiencing any symptoms, or if you have risk factors for the disease, then you should discuss with a diabetes specialist and get yourself tested.
At Medcare, you will be given the best diabetes treatment based on your condition and diabetes level and type. Treatment depends on your diabetes type.
Type 1 diabetes usually requires the patient to take insulin, possibly small and steady doses throughout the day.
Type 2 diabetes patients can be treated with medication and/or insulin injections.
A: If your doctor tells you that you have prediabetes, or if you have the risk factors for the disease, then you can start making lifestyle changes to prevent it. A low-fat and high-fibre diet, regular exercise and keeping your weight under control are the most important steps that you can take. Discuss a good diabetes diet with your doctor and dietician at Medcare.
A: Your blood test results may show that your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not as high as a diabetes patient. The doctor may advise you to take care so that you don’t get the condition.
A: Aerobic exercise and strength training are the best for managing diabetes. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous aerobic exercise at least five times a week.
Strength training helps to lower blood sugar and also prevents muscle loss that is a common outcome of diabetes.
A: Monitoring your blood sugar is an important aspect of managing diabetes. You can check it on your own using blood glucose meter.
Your diabetes specialist will also suggest an A1C test done by a lab at a certain frequency. This test indicates what your blood sugar levels have been for the past 2-3 months.