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What is erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition in which a man has ongoing problems or an inability to get or keep an erection firm enough to have sexual intercourse. This condition is also sometimes referred to as impotence. Without treatment, erectile dysfunction can make sex difficult but it is usually treatable in most cases.

Possible Causes: 

Erectile dysfunction, or ED, is the inability to achieve or sustain an erection during sexual intercourse. Any condition that affects the way blood flows through your body could lead to ED. Erectile dysfunction causes include medications, chronic illnesses, poor blood flow to the penis, drinking too much alcohol, or being too tired, anxiety, stress and depression.

Diabetes, kidney, nerve and brain disorders, narrowed or blocked arteries, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are among the most common causes of ED. Surgery of the prostate or bladder, injury to your pelvis, ladder, spinal cord, or penis, hormone imbalance, venous leak, tobacco, alcohol, or drug misuse, some prescription drugs or enlarged prostate are other causes.

Risk Factors: 

The following factors have been found to increase the risk of ED

  • Diabetes.
  • Smoking.
  • Excessive drinking.
  • High blood pressure.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Ageing.
  • Obesity.
  • Low testosterone.

Signs & Symptoms: 

Erectile dysfunction symptoms are:

  • Erections that are too soft or don’t last long enough to have sex.
  • An inability to get an erection.
  • You have an erectile dysfunction if you can’t get or keep an erection that lasts long enough or is rigid enough to have sex.


Our urologist will do a complete physical examination, erectile dysfunction tests and discuss your problem with you. The specialist will need to understand the underlying cause and look for signs like poor blood circulation or nerve trouble, and will check for problems in your genital area. This will be followed by laboratory tests like blood cell counts, blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, and liver tests, which help diagnose ED.

Treatment Options: 

The treatment may include oral medication and injections, vacuum pump and finally surgery if the ED is due to a blocked artery, or an implant. Psychotherapy is an important part of the treatment. Above all, maintain a healthy weight, stop smoking, avoid alcohol and substance abuse and keep diabetes under control to treat ED.

If you’re ready to make a few lifestyle changes, you will be able to improve your sex life. Giving up smoking, losing weight, and exercising improves your blood flow. If you think a medication could be the culprit, discuss with your urologist.

FAQs: الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • Is ED a sign of heart disease?

    A: Sometimes, ED can predict heart attack, stroke, and even death from cardiovascular disease. If you’re diagnosed with ED, you must get checked for cardiovascular disease.

  • Can counselling help in ED?

    A: If your ED is caused by psychological or emotional issues, then counselling can really help you. You will learn how to reduce anxiety related to sex, new ways to explore intimacy, and techniques to treat the physical causes of your ED.

  • How does a vacuum pump work?

    A: A vacuum pump can be used to get an erection. The penis is inserted into a clear plastic cylinder and the air is pumped out, creating a vacuum. The penis fills with blood and a plastic constricting ring is placed around the base of the penis to trap the blood.

  • Do erectile dysfunction exercises help this condition?

    A: Exercises that build the muscles that work to maintain an erection may help to overcome ED. These are the pelvic floor muscles, which sustain blood flow to the penis. These muscles put pressure on the penile veins and an erection becomes possible, as the pressure prevents blood from leaving the area. Kegel exercises, pilates and aerobic exercises are beneficial, so try to build these into your fitness routine.

  • Are there any foods for erectile dysfunction treatment?

    A: Discuss this with your doctor and dietician at Medcare. Erectile dysfunction does affect people who are inactive and overweight. So you could adopt a diet that will help to control your weight. In addition, limiting your consumption of salt, sugar, fats and alcohol will also help you to overcome this condition faster.