Hippocrates said "all diseases begin in the gut", but we believe that all health begins in the gut, too.

What is liver disease?

The liver is essential for digesting food and eliminating toxic substances from the body. When liver disease develops, the liver's ability to carry out its metabolic, detoxification and storage functions gets affected. When these essential processes do not work as they should, the entire body gets affected.

Possible Causes: 

Liver disease can be genetic causing hemochromatosis, hyperoxaluria and oxalosis, Wilson's disease or Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

  • Viruses damage the liver causing inflammation that reduces liver function (these are hepatitis A, B and C).
  • Excessive and chronic alcohol abuse.
  • Obesity, having a fatty liver.
  • Immune system abnormality causes autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Cancer of the liver, bile duct or liver adenoma.

Risk Factors: 

The presence of the following factors increases the risk of suffering from liver diseases.

  • Excessive alcohol use.
  • Using shared needles to inject drugs. 
  • Tattoos.
  • Exposure to other people's blood and body fluids.
  • Unprotected sexual relationships.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals or toxins.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity.

Signs & Symptoms: 

Liver disease symptoms could include any of the following:

  • Pain in the stomach and swelling.
  • Swollen legs and ankles.
  • Itching of the skin.
  • Darkening of urine and faeces.
  • Constant fatigue.
  • Lack of appetite, nausea or vomiting.
  • Tendency to bruise easily.

Diagnosis: 

The gastroenterologist at Medcare may use some of the following tests to diagnose liver disease:

  • Liver function tests to diagnose liver diseases.
  • An ultrasound, CT scan and MRI to check for liver damage.
  • A biopsy that is removing a tissue sample from your liver to help diagnose liver disease and look for signs of liver damage.

Treatment Options: 

The Gastroenterology Clinic at Medcare is the best place for you to get liver disease treatment. The recommended line of treatment for liver disease will depend on the type of liver disease and severity of your condition. 

  • Lifestyle modifications, like avoiding alcohol or losing weight can provide relief in the early stages.
  • Other liver problems may be treated with medications or surgery.
  • Liver failure ultimately requires a liver transplant.
FAQs: الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • What is the function of the liver in our body?

    A: Its primary function is to clean your blood, store energy and aid digestion. Other functions comprise creation of bile which is needed for fat absorption, converting amino acids to proteins and keeping blood and sugar levels stable.

  • What is a liver biopsy?

    A: A small needle is inserted into the liver to collect a tissue sample which is then sent for analysis to the laboratory to help doctors diagnose various conditions in the liver.

  • What are main causes of cirrhosis of the liver?

    A: Cirrhosis means scarring of your liver. This happens usually due to alcohol abuse, hepatitis, and fatty liver disease.

  • What is alcohol hepatitis?

    A: Alcohol hepatitis is a condition in which the liver is inflamed due to alcohol consumption. While this usually affects people who have been drinking heavily over many years, it can sometimes affect moderate drinkers, too. 

    A person who has been diagnosed as having alcohol hepatitis needs to stop consuming alcohol. Alcohol consumption can lead to liver damage and even death for such a patient.

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