Surgery to change the size of the breasts is either breast enlargement or breast reduction surgery. Breast enlargement is also known as breast augmentation and is done with the objective of enhancing the appearance, size or contour of the breasts.
Breast reduction is also known as reduction mammoplasty. Some women opt for this as large and heavy breasts may lead to neck pain, back pain, skin irritation, numbness or weakness.
Breast enlargement is required by women who have small breasts or have asymmetrical breasts. Often, this is done for reconstructive purposes, such as, after mastectomy or for cosmetic reasons. Breast implants can be made of silicon or saline, to give you a fuller bustline.
Breast reduction is carried out for women whose breasts are too large. This causes neck pain or back pain, chronic rash under the breasts, nerve pain and limits physical activity. Sometimes men with conditions such as gynaecomastia may require this surgery which is called reduction mammaplasty.
Also, for those women who suffer from either congenital or acquired symmastia, which are both rare conditions, a combination of liposuction, intermammary compression and reduction surgery is required.
All surgeries pose risks of bleeding, infection and adverse reaction to anaesthesia.
Breast augmentation surgery is a cosmetic procedure which carries the risk of developing scar tissue and hardening in the area around the implant. Sensations in the nipple and breast may change. It may happen that the breasts may not turn out to be symmetrical in shape or size. It is also possible for implants to rupture and leak and might in due course cause breast pain, breast thickening, or changes in the shape of the breast. There may be some swelling, bruising and pain if there is pooling of blood near the surgical site.
Some risks involved in breast reduction surgeries are temporary bruising, scarring, loss of sensation in the nipples and areolae, and inability to breast-feed. Feeling tired and experiencing breast pain is considered normal after a breast reduction surgery, however some people may feel emotional and depressed after the surgery.
It is important to contact your doctor immediately if you observe redness, tenderness or swelling at the surgical site. These are all signs of infection, in addition to fever or discharge from the incision or if any of the stitches come out.
Signs & Symptoms:
The need for breast augmentation is felt in cases of mastectomy and for cosmetic reasons. Breast reduction is required for large breasts in women and in men who have breasts.
Visit the Medcare Plastic Surgery Centre of Excellence to get the necessary diagnostics and screening done before planning a breast reduction or augmentation surgery.
Our expert would first take down your medical and family history followed by a physical examination. They understand that this is both a physical as well as an emotional transformation for you. So, an honest discussion regarding all matters ranging from the type and size of implant to post-operative issues and careful screening is done by our doctors before breast implant surgery.
The surgeon would require your complete medical history including your family history. She or he will discuss any emotional issues that you may have regarding the size of your breasts. Doctors usually recommend a mammogram to rule out any other issues.
Speak to a plastic surgeon at Medcare to understand how a breast augmentation or breast reduction surgery can help you. You may need a mammogram and breast examination before the surgery. You need to be in good health, stop current medication and stop smoking.
For breast augmentation, the surgeon will consider all types of breast augmentation techniques and choose the one best suited to you. The plastic surgeon makes a cut in the armpit, areola, or lower breast fold and inserts the implant. There are two basic types of breast implants to choose from: saline and silicone gel.
Breast reduction is a major surgery during which the surgeon removes extra tissue, skin and fat from your breasts to reduce their size.
A: Firstly, you need take at least one week off from work, then follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully. Visit the doctor for removing bandages and stitches. Woman may need to wear a surgical bra. Do not lift heavy weights or indulge in physical activities for a month. At the first sign of redness, tenderness, swelling or fever, contact your doctor immediately.
A: After the surgery you may get back to work within one or two weeks depending on how well you have healed. However, during the recovery period, in both cases, you'll have to stop strenuous activity for at least one month.
A: Scars from a breast augmentation are usually short. These are hidden in the crease underneath your breast. They are not visible when you wear a bikini top.