When the heart pumps blood at a lesser efficiency than normal, the function of kidneys gets affected, causing water retention in the body. This condition is called 'congestive heart failure'. Due to various causes, the blood moves through the body and heart at a slower rate causing the chambers of the heart to thicken in response, thereby weakening the heart muscle.
Congestive heart failure causes can be attributed to the following factors:
When the heart is compelled to work harder than it should, you are at a risk of getting heart failure. So, let us understand the common risks associated with heart failure, most of which can be treated and are avoidable.
Signs & Symptoms:
Consult the experienced heart specialists at Medcare to get the right diagnosis. The doctor will first check if you have conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, angina or high blood pressure. Also, whether you smoke or drink or take any medication. Blood test to evaluate haemoglobin level, kidney function, thyroid function and other associated factors which can contribute to or lead to heart failure.
A chest X-ray is needed as it shows the size of heart and any fluid accumulation in lungs or around heart. An electrocardiogram (ECG) helps to see the presence of any arrhythmia and any sign of heart attack. Echocardiogram (echo) helps to assess the heart’s structure, movement and function. Any deterioration in function, valve leakage or narrowing can lead to heart failure.
Congestive heart failure treatment can be multimodal and staged – it includes medication, lifestyle changes and surgery if required. By treating the underlying cause, our heart specialists who are experts in the different fields pertaining to heart disease, may even improve your heart condition.
A: Congestive heart failure ensues when your heart is unable to pump blood adequately to meet the demands of your body. Treatments can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live comfortably longer.
A: As heart failure reduces the flow of blood to the kidneys, it can ultimately cause kidney failure, and the patient may need dialysis to treat this condition.
A: Maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle is most important. Drink alcohol in moderation, quit smoking, eat healthy and exercise. If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, remember to take your medications regularly. Regular check-ups and visits to a cardiac specialist will help you to know the right measures for you.
A: EF is a measure of how well your heart is pumping. In a healthy heart, the EF is 50% or higher, meaning that more than half of the blood that fills the ventricle is pumped out with each beat. If your EF is low, your cardiologist will investigate the causes further.
A: Beta blockers are medications that are used to reduce the load on the heart. They slow down the heart rate and decrease the strength of each contraction. This helps your heart to pump blood using less energy. These are often prescribed for patients of congestive heart failure, and may also be used in the treatment of hypertension.