Coronary heart disease is the narrowing or blocking of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. A decrease in the blood flow to the heart muscle due to a build-up of fatty deposits in your arteries results in coronary artery disease. Over a period of time, this reduced blood flow or lack of oxygen may result in a heart attack.
When the main arteries that supply your heart with vital nutrients and oxygen through blood become narrowed, you have a disease called coronary artery disease.
Coronary artery disease causes are deposits, called plaque, that contain cholesterol and start building up, narrowing your coronary arteries, and decreasing blood flow to you heart. The decreased blood flow to the heart causes coronary artery diseases that leads to chest pain (angina) and shortness of breath. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.
High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, habits such as smoking or a strong family history of heart disease are some of the risk factors.
You may not have much control over the following coronary artery disease risk factors, so they are called non-modifiable risk factors:
You can try to control the following modifiable risk factors:
Signs & Symptoms:
For a coronary artery disease diagnosis, the following tests may be recommended, after recording your medical history:
You can get all the necessary diagnostics done conveniently at Medcare.
The heart specialist at Medcare will recommend the best coronary artery disease treatment for you. Lifestyle changes are recommended as the primary treatment for coronary artery disease followed by medicines and surgery, if required.
Strict control of diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and cessation of smoking are essential. Regular medical check-ups should be done.
If your coronary artery disease is leading to other complications, your cardiologist may recommend a procedure such as an angioplasty and stent placement (percutaneous coronary revascularisation), or a coronary artery bypass surgery.
A: A healthy lifestyle helps to keep your arteries clear and prevents the build-up of plaque. If you smoke, it’s important that you quit immediately. Make sure that your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar are under control.
Follow an exercise and fitness routine and keep your weight under control. Try to keep your stress levels under control. All these habits will help you to prevent coronary artery disease.
A: In this procedure, the specialist will insert a long, thin tube, called a catheter, into the narrowed part of your artery. A wire with a deflated balloon is passed through the catheter to the narrowed area. The balloon is then inflated.
This makes the deposits in the arteries compress. A stent is usually left in the artery to maintain the opening. Most stents slowly release medication that works to keep the arteries open.
A: Eating fish and fish-oil gives you the much-needed Omega-3 fatty acids to reduce body inflammation. The overall aim should be to maintain a healthy body weight.
Online BMI (body mass index) calculators can be used for reference. Foods that contain saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar increase your risk of coronary artery disease and should be avoided.