A heart attack takes place when the supply of oxygen to the heart is reduced and you may experience pain that radiates to the back, jaw, throat, or arm or feel pressure in the chest. Nausea or shortness of breath with profuse sweating are some other indications that you may be having a heart attack.
The coronary arteries provide a regular supply of blood to keep your heart muscle in working condition. Sometimes these arteries become narrow due to build-up of cholesterol and other deposits, also called plaque, so that blood is unable to flow through smoothly.
Often blood clots form around this plaque and the heart becomes starved for oxygen as the blood clots block the artery supplying blood. This results in damage of heart muscles and is called a heart attack.
Non-modifiable risk factors - you may not have much control on the following:
Modifiable risk factors - you can try to keep the following under control:
Signs & Symptoms:
Heart attack symptoms could include any of the following:
If you experience any of these symptoms, visit Medcare for diagnostics and to identify possible heart attack causes:
At Medcare, you can get the appropriate heart attack treatment for your condition. It is imperative to restore the blood flow to the heart immediately after a heart attack.
Treatment depends on the severity of the damage to the heart muscle and the age of the patient. The primary treatment is through medications followed by coronary angiography or angioplasty. At times, CABG surgery would be required.
Coronary angioplasty and stenting: by inserting a long, thin tube through an artery in your groin or wrist, doctors are able to locate the blockages in your arteries. After this either a balloon is used to open the blocked artery or a metal stent is inserted to keep the artery wall open.
Coronary artery bypass surgery: as the term suggests, doctors sew veins or arteries in place, past a blocked artery, thereby permitting the blood flow to the heart to bypass the affected artery.
A: Even if you have a family history of heart disease, you can reduce your chances of getting a heart attack by following heart-healthy habits. The most important aspects you should bear in mind are:
A: A heart attack may come with symptoms that are sudden and intense, or with mild pain and discomfort. Don’t take a chance, if you experience any of the following, call for emergency help:
If someone is diabetic or hypertensive, they should be more aware of their condition and seek medical help in case of any of the above mentioned symptoms.
A: The first thing is not to panic. Ask for help and call 999. If you are a smoker, please do not smoke to relieve the stress as it will worsen the situation. If you have Aspirin at home, the 999 dispatcher may tell you to chew one full 325 mg Aspirin.
The heart muscle starts healing immediately after the attack and normally takes up to 8 weeks to recover fully. Many patients resume their work and their normal activities within 2 to 3 months after the attack, depending on how severe it was.
A: Once you have suffered a heart attack, it’s very important for you to take good care of your health. Here are some aspects that you should pay attention to: