In the infinity of life where I am, all is perfect, whole, and complete. – Louise L. Hay

What is hernia?

Hernia is a condition that happens when an internal organ protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that encompasses it. The resulting bulge may be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips.

Possible Causes:

Your doctor may tell you that you have an inguinal hernia, if some tissue, such as a part of your intestines, is bulging out from a weak spot in your abdominal muscles. This condition is not always dangerous, and the surgeon will decide whether it needs to be surgically repaired or not.

While some inguinal hernias develop with no apparent cause, a few known causes are:

  • Too much pressure within the abdomen.
  • The abdominal wall has a weak spot.
  • Over-straining during bowel movements or urination.
  • Strenuous activity.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Chronic coughing or sneezing.

Risk Factors: 

The factors that increase the risk of developing a hernia of the groin are:

  • Male: men are eight times more likely to develop an inguinal hernia than are women.
  • Age: muscles weaken as you age.
  • Family history.
  • Chronic cough, such as from smoking.
  • Chronic constipation.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Premature birth and low birth weight.
  • Previous inguinal hernia or hernia repair.

Signs & Symptoms: 

The signs and symptoms of an inguinal hernia could be:

  • A bulge on either side of the pubic bone, which becomes more obvious when upright, or if you cough or strain.
  • A burning or aching sensation at the bulge.
  • Pain or discomfort in the groin, especially when bending over, coughing or lifting could be groin hernia symptoms.
  • A heavy or dragging sensation in your groin.
  • Weakness or pressure in your groin.
  • In some cases, pain and swelling around the testicles.

In new-borns or children, you may notice the hernia when the child is crying or coughing or straining during a bowel movement.


A physical examination is usually sufficient for your doctor to diagnose an inguinal hernia. Your doctor may suggest an abdominal ultrasound or CT scan or MRI if needed. 

Treatment Options: 

Schedule a consultation with a general surgeon at Medcare to know the best hernia treatment for you. The surgeon will recommend surgery if the hernia is enlarging and painful. Surgery becomes important in order to prevent possible complications from the condition.

The surgeon will advise whether an open hernia repair is required, or whether a minimally invasive procedure – laparoscopic repair, also called keyhole surgery, will suit you.

FAQs:الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • What are the different types of hernia?

    A: The most common types of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and hiatal (upper stomach).

  • Is there any way I can prevent an inguinal hernia?

    A: Some hernias are caused by congenital defects and cannot be prevented. However, reducing the strain on your abdominal muscles and tissues can prevent others.

    • Keep your weight under control.
    • Adopt a high fibre diet to prevent constipation and straining.
    • Be careful when lifting heavy objects or avoid heavy lifting.
    • Stop smoking. Smoking often causes a chronic cough that can lead to or aggravate an inguinal hernia.
  • My son has an inguinal hernia. Will this problem disappear when he gets older?

    A: Once you know that your son has an inguinal hernia, it is not advisable to ignore this condition. If it is not treated, it could lead to a situation that blood supply to the intestine could get cut off, which is a serious problem. So discuss the best course of action with the surgeon, and if surgery is prescribed, get it done, as it will repair your son’s hernia.

  • I’m pregnant and have just learnt that I have a hernia problem. Will I need surgery immediately?

    A: Pregnant women are generally not advised to have hernia repair surgery during their pregnancy. The surgery can be performed a few months after your baby’s birth. Speak to your doctor to decide the best course of action.

  • How long does it take to recover from a hernia surgery?

    A: Recovering from a hernia surgery takes a few days. You will need some hospital stay and medications. Once your surgeon gives you the go-ahead, you will be able to resume regular activities such as work and exercise. For most people, this recovery takes a few days.