Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways of the lungs. During an asthma attack the airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Asthma happens due to chronic inflammation of the airways; the airways become narrow and fill up with mucus. This can be triggered by any of the following conditions:
Some risk factors to getting asthma are as follows:
Signs & Symptoms:
People with asthma are unable to breathe comfortably as there is swelling in the bronchial tubes with secretions inside. Asthma signs and symptoms could include:
The doctor at Medcare shall ask you if experience any difficulty in breathing, experience tightness in the chest, wheezing or cough. Then a basic physical examination conducted by your doctor will reveal if there is a whistling sound as you breathe.
Our doctors use some simple tests to confirm their findings:
At Medcare, internal medicine specialists will prescribe the best asthma treatment for you.
Asthma may be treated with medicines that control the symptoms immediately. These are called rescue medications. Medications that prevent further attacks are called controller medications. Rescue inhalers help ease asthma symptoms instantly when they happen, by relaxing the muscles that tighten around the airways.
Other treatment options are:
A: It is best that you consult an allergy specialist who can conduct tests to identify the substances that you are allergic to. Avoid these and observe whether your asthma attacks lessen. Once you know what allergens trigger your asthma, you can ensure that you minimise exposure to them.
A: Don’t avoid exercising because it may trigger an asthma attack. Exercise is very beneficial for you, and you can find ways to exercise without triggering attacks. Warming up prior to exercise may prevent attacks.
Ask your doctor whether you should take inhaled medication before you start exercising. And if you are allergic to pollen, you may need to avoid exercising outdoors. You may have to avoid exercising if you have a viral infection, such as a cold.
A: The most common foods in which you find allergens are cow's milk, peanuts, soy, wheat, fish, shrimp and other shellfish so you may avoid these.
A: Natural relaxation therapy like deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation, biofeedback, yoga and acupuncture can help reduce stress which may alleviate the symptoms of asthma.