Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder that cannot be arrested. It is characterized by a continuous decline in thinking, in behavioural and social skills that interferes with a person's ability to function independently. It severely affects memory, thinking, learning and organizing skills and eventually affects a person’s ability to carry out simple daily activities.
Alzheimer's is a degenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gradually becomes worse. It is believed that a combination of lifestyle, genetic and environmental causes are responsible for Alzheimer's disease, over a period of time.
This disease is caused by beta-amyloid and tau, which are brain proteins that disrupt the normal functioning of brain cells. These cells create havoc as they get damaged, lose connections to each other and eventually die.
You could be at a higher risk of getting Alzheimer’s disease due to the following factors:
Signs & Symptoms:
Forgetting a recent event or conversation may be the first warning that you have Alzheimer’s disease. As the disease grows, your memory will let you down and you will find it laborious to carry out daily tasks.
Signs that you have Alzheimer’s disease:
People with Alzheimer's might forget their loved ones. They might forget how to dress themselves, feed themselves, and use the toilet.
At Medcare, you can get a proper diagnosis of Alzheimer’s by an expert neurologist. The neurologist will commence diagnosis with a lot of questions regarding medications that you take, your personal history, your mental state, family history and illnesses that seem to run in the family.
Tests to measure your problem-solving skills, attention span and retention will help your doctor to understand whether the areas of your brain responsible for learning, memory, thinking, or planning skills have been affected.
Some other tests are:
Neurology specialists at Medcare will recommend an Alzheimer’s disease treatment plan to help you cope with this disorder. Per se, there’s no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, there are medicines that can slow down its progress. Since Alzheimer’s modifies the behaviour of the person, resulting in mood swings, there are medicines that can alleviate these symptoms.
Some medicines that may be prescribed by our specialists:
A: Alzheimer's, is a degenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gradually becomes worse as brain tissue breaks down over time. It starts with memory loss, degenerating into an inability to do daily tasks, feeling confused and lost, difficulty in having conversations, unable to recognise people, mood swings and finally social withdrawal.
A: There is no treatment that cures Alzheimer's disease or alters the disease process in the brain. However, there are medicines which alleviate the symptoms to a great extent.
A: Alzheimer's disease is not a preventable condition. Heart-healthy lifestyle choices of food, exercise and weight may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's. Taking part in social events, and in activities that require mental alertness like reading, drawing, painting, dancing, playing board games or playing an instrument seem to have a positive effect on symptoms associated with Alzheimer's disease.
A: Late-stage Alzheimer’s patients may not recognize feelings of hunger or thirst and may have trouble swallowing. They may also lose interest in food due to depression. Also, eating on their own, handling a spoon or a cup may become more and more difficult with each passing day. To help your father, speak to your doctor and see whether any medication is needed for his appetite.
Prepare nutritious meals, and serve smaller meals at regular intervals. Try to keep a happy and calm ambience during mealtimes, and keep your father company as far as possible. Don’t force him to eat. Offer some food that he can pick up himself and eat, such as cucumber slices. Encourage your father to do some physical activity, such as walking, that will make him hungry.