Meningitis is a rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called the meninges, which cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis occurs when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected and cause inflammation.
Bacterial meningitis is an extremely serious illness. It is life-threatening or can lead to brain damage unless you get quick treatment.
Meningitis is the swelling of the membranes (meninges) surrounding your brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection that begins in some other part of your body besides the brain, like your ears, sinuses, or throat causes meningitis.
The risk factors for getting meningitis are:
The swelling from meningitis typically triggers symptoms such as headache, fever and a stiff neck. At the onset of the disease, flu-like symptoms may be observed.
If meningitis is suspected, do consult a neurologist at Medcare for a proper diagnosis. The specialist checks for signs of infection around the head, ears, throat and the skin along the spine.
Complete medical history, a physical examination, blood tests and imaging are all a part of the diagnosis process.
Once the diagnosis confirms meningitis, consult a neurologist at Medcare for meningitis treatment.
The approach to the treatment varies, depending on the type of meningitis:
A: Meningitis is an infection that causes swelling in the membranes called meninges, that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis could be bacterial, viral, chronic or fungal.
A: Bacterial meningitis is serious, and can be fatal if not treated promptly with antibiotics. Delayed treatment increases the risk of permanent brain damage or death.
A: Yes, meningitis is contagious. Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette.
A: Ask your doctor about vaccines for meningitis. There are vaccines available to protect against certain bacterial meningitis strains. These are usually given to children or adolescents. If you believe that an older person is at a high risk, discuss with the doctor whether a vaccine is suitable for that person.