Peripheral artery disease is a blood circulation problem in which narrowed or choked arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs. The extremities of the body, usually the legs do not receive enough blood flow, and this causes leg pain when walking. The arteries can be blocked by fatty deposits called plaque which can also build up in the arteries that carry blood to the other parts of your body like the heads, limbs and other organs.
Peripheral Artery Disease or PAD is a chronic disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries to the legs, causing reduced blood supply there.
Peripheral artery disease causes include smoking, high cholesterol or high triglycerides, high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney failure, and obesity.
A number of factors increase the risk of developing peripheral artery disease:
Signs and Symptoms:
Peripheral artery disease symptoms are typically:
Visit Medcare to address your concerns about peripheral artery disease and get the right diagnosis. Here a vascular doctor may find evidence of peripheral artery disease in a physical exam, such as a weak pulse in the legs, or a sound heard over the arteries or lower blood pressure in the leg.
An ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the most common test used to diagnose peripheral artery disease. This compares the blood pressure in your ankle with that in your arm. Other investigations such as an ultrasound or angiography may also be chosen by your doctor.
A vascular specialist at Medcare will recommend the best peripheral artery disease treatment for you. This treatment is likely to start with medications to prevent blood clots, lower blood pressure and cholesterol, and provide pain relief. In some cases, angioplasty or surgery may be needed for peripheral artery disease that is causing intense claudification.
A: It can be frustrating that it hurts when you walk, but walking is good for you. Slowly try to increase the distance you can walk. You will find that gradually you can walk further without pain. Exercise conditions your muscles so they can use oxygen more effectively.
A: Peripheral artery disease increases the chances that sores or injuries on your feet or legs may not heal. As you have poor blood circulation in your legs, there are also increased chances of infections. You should take special care as follows:
A: Some over-the-counter cold medications contain pseudoephedrine. A side effect of this drug is that it narrows your blood vessels. This can worsen your peripheral artery disease, so you should avoid these medications and consult your doctor before taking any medications.