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What are adenoids?

Adenoids are two small pads of tissue at the back of the nose that keep you healthy by preventing harmful germs from passing through the nose or mouth. Your adenoids also produce antibodies to help your body fight infections. Swelling of the adenoids leads to ear infection especially in children.

Possible Causes:

Adenoids are part of the lymphatic system which clears away infection and keeps body fluids in balance. They are present at birth and produce antibodies that help fight infections in children. However, they start shrinking when the child is around 7 years old. Allergies and infections may cause enlarged adenoids. Some children have enlarged adenoids from birth.

Risk Factors:

Infections cause the adenoids to become enlarged, but they subside once the infection goes away.

  • Chronic throat and respiratory infections that cause inflammation and infection.
  • Allergies that aggravate the adenoids.
  • Enlarged adenoids are a common occurrence among children, enlarged adenoids in adults are rarer.
  • In some cases, the adenoids remain enlarged even after the infection is gone.

Signs & Symptoms:

Enlarged adenoids symptoms are:

  • A stuffy nose, ear problems and trouble breathing through the nose.
  • Trouble sleeping, adenoids snoring or sleep apnoea.
  • Sore throat and difficulty in swallowing, dry mouth and cracked lips.
  • Swollen glands in the neck.

Diagnosis:

Bring your child to Medcare to consult an ENT specialist and get the right diagnosis for any adenoids condition. Here, the ENT doctor will first conduct a physical examination to check the size of your child's adenoids. This is done with the help of an endoscope. Further tests may include an X-ray and blood tests to check for infection.

If required your child may need to undergo a sleep study to rule out sleep apnoea.

Treatment Options:

At the ENT Department of Medcare, you will get the best adenoids treatment. Typically, treatment includes a nasal spray to reduce the swelling, and antibiotics if the doctor thinks that there is a bacterial infection.

An adenoidectomy surgery is recommended for removal of the adenoids in the following circumstances:

  • Repeated infection in the adenoids.
  • The bacterial infection is resistant to antibiotics.
  • Enlarged adenoids are blocking the airways, making it difficult to breathe.

An untreated infection may cause ear infections and fluid build-up in the middle ear.

FAQs: الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • What are adenoids?

    A: Adenoids are small patches of tissue located at the back of the throat. They aren’t directly visible. They are part of the lymphatic system, which helps to prevent and fight infection in your body.
     

  • Can enlarged adenoids be prevented or avoided?

    A: Enlarged adenoids is a common condition among children. While, it cannot be prevented you must ask the doctor to help you monitor your child’s adenoids in case he or she has a sore throat or an ear infection.

  • If my son’s adenoids get infected regularly, can this harm his hearing?

    A: Yes, swollen adenoids can cause infections in the ear and sinus. Hearing can get affected if the middle ear fluid is infected. While this hearing loss is usually temporary, you should still seriously consider surgery to have the adenoids removed if they are getting infected often.

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