Tonsils are two small nodes, one on either side, at the back of your throat. They function as a defence mechanism and help in prevention of an infection. However, when tonsils become infected, they get swollen and sore, and swallowing becomes painful. This condition is called tonsillitis.
The two lymph nodes that prevent infections from attacking your body and are located on either side of the back of your throat, are called tonsils. While the tonsils’ function is to prevent infection, in fact they are also vulnerable to getting infected and when this happens the condition is called tonsillitis.
Tonsils battle bacteria and viruses that enter your body through your mouth. Therefore, the following are most vulnerable to tonsillitis:
Signs & Symptoms:
Following are the usual signs and symptoms of tonsillitis:
After observing the symptoms, the Medcare ENT specialist will proceed with a physical examination to confirm the diagnosis. The doctor will inspect your child's throat, ears and nose, palpate the neck to feel the swollen lymph nodes, will look out for a rash called scarlatina, and for enlargement of the spleen.
Next a throat swab is done to check for streptococcal bacteria. If the result is negative, then a blood test with complete blood count is done to determine the cause of tonsillitis.
Schedule a visit to the Medcare ENT Department to correctly diagnose tonsillitis and get the best treatment.
If your child’s tonsillitis is due to a viral infection, then you need to wait out the 10 days’ period ensuring your child drinks plenty of water to avoid dehydration. You need to give your child lozenges and warm drinks, keep your home free from cigarette smoke, use a cool-air humidifier to eliminate dry air and prepare saltwater gargles to soothe the throat.
The ENT specialist will prescribe an antibiotic if a bacterial infection is causing the tonsillitis. A tonsillectomy in which the tonsils are removed, may be recommended in frequently recurring tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis or bacterial tonsillitis that doesn't respond to antibiotic treatment.
A: Viral and bacterial tonsillitis are infectious diseases. So, in order to protect them, you must ensure that your children practice good hygiene at home. Washing hands often especially after using the toilet and before eating, not sharing drinking glasses or bottles with friends are some essential precautions.
A: The two lymph nodes that prevent infections from attacking your body and are located on either side of the back of your throat are called tonsils. Their main function is to fight bacteria and viruses that enter your body through your mouth.
A: Most children can resume their normal activities within about 5-7 days of having tonsils removed. The ENT specialist is likely to suggest that you feed her soft food and ice-cream after the surgery. Don’t give her hot, spicy and sharp food as this may affect the healing process.