Sleep apnoea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing involuntarily stops and starts. Repetitive episodes of upper airway blockage during sleep, is called obstructive sleep apnoea. However, in central sleep apnoea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe.
Sleep apnoea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnoea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain, and the rest of the body, may not get enough oxygen.
There are many types of sleep apnoea: obstructive sleep apnoea, central sleep apnoea, and complex sleep apnoea syndrome also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnoea.
Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnoea include:
Risk factors for central sleep apnoea include:
Signs & Symptoms:
If you feel listless and tired after sleeping all night, and you tend to snore loudly then these are definite indications that you have sleep apnoea.
Some sleep apnoea symptoms are gasping for air during sleep, short episodes when you stop breathing, a dry mouth and waking up with a headache. Other symptoms are insomnia, hypersomnia, irritability, moodiness and low attention span.
When you visit Medcare, you can get the right sleep apnoea diagnosis and know which type you suffer from.
The diagnosis often commences with overnight monitoring of your breathing patterns at a sleep centre. Our experts perform sleep apnoea tests like nocturnal polysomnography to determine the kind of sleep apnoea that is troubling you.
If you have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea, our specialist will co-ordinate with other ENT doctors to check for blockage in your nose or throat. Similarly, you will be referred to a cardiologist or a neurologist if you display symptoms of central sleep apnoea.
The initial recommendation from the doctors at Medcare for sleep apnoea treatment may be lifestyle changes like losing weight or quitting smoking.
A: When you have sleep apnoea it is not possible to have a restful, good night’s sleep so you always display daytime fatigue and irritability. You are at risk of high blood pressure and heart problems. Other conditions that you may develop are type 2 diabetes and fatty liver. Besides, your partner may be sleep-deprived due to your loud snoring!
A: Maintain a healthy lifestyle- lose weight, exercise, avoid alcohol and stop smoking.
Stop taking tranquilisers and sleeping pills and sleep on your side or stomach rather than on your back. These home remedies should be quite effective but if symptoms persist, visit a sleep specialist.
A: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or CPAP is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. This is a sleep apnoea machine that blows air with continuous pressure down your throat, when you sleep at night, and keeps the airways open.
A mask that fits over your nose is held in place with straps, and a motor blows the air. Apnoea patients find that the CPAP machine improves sleep quality, reduces snoring and lowers blood pressure. As the quality of night time sleep improves, there is less tiredness during the day.