Believe that the greatest gift you can give your family and the world is a healthy you. – Joyce Meyer

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — which is a small walnut-shaped gland found in men that produces the seminal fluid which nourishes and helps transport sperm. It begins from the cells in the prostate gland and can also spread to other surrounding organs. This is one of the most common types of cancers that affects men.

Possible Causes:

Prostate cancer affects the prostate, a walnut-shaped gland in men responsible for producing seminal fluid. Prostate cancer causes and genesis can be traced to cells in your prostate that become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells' DNA cause the cells to grow rapidly. These form a tumour and can metastasise to other parts of the body.

Risk Factors:

The following factors increase the risk of getting prostate cancer:

  • Age: ageing is a big factor for prostate cancer, and older men are more prone to getting it.
  • Race: black men carry a greater risk of prostate cancer than other races.
  • Family history: your risk may increase if men in your family have had prostate cancer or have genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2).
  • Overweight: the risk of getting prostate cancer increases if you are obese.

Signs & Symptoms: 

In its early stage, prostate cancer may not show any signs or symptoms. However, in the advanced stage, the symptoms may be:

  • Blood in the semen.

  • Difficulty while urinating and less force in the stream of urine.

  • Erectile dysfunction and pain in the pelvic area.

  • Pain in the bones.

Diagnosis: 

Prostate cancer diagnosis starts with a digital rectal exam (DRE), and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test to check for prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer.
If a DRE or PSA test detects an abnormality, further prostate cancer tests like ultrasound, prostate biopsy or MRI fusion are recommended to enable more-precise targeting for follow-up treatment.

Treatment Options: 

At Medcare, you can discuss prostate cancer symptoms and treatment with our urologists. Depending on how fast the cancer is growing, the prostate cancer treatment is decided. Treatment options also vary depending on the prostate cancer stages. 

  • Regular blood tests, rectal exams and biopsies are required to monitor the progress of your disease. Surgery or radiation may be recommended, if necessary.
  • Surgery called radical prostatectomy may be recommended for removal of the prostate gland, tissue and lymph nodes. The kind of surgery our experts recommend is dependent on your age, your body type and your overall health. It could be a robot-assisted surgery which is more precise than a traditional minimally invasive surgery, or others options like retropubic surgery.
  • Prostate cancer radiation therapy uses high-powered energy to kill cancer cells. It could be (i) external beam radiation or (ii) brachytherapy. 
  • Hormone treatment stops the supply of testosterone, thereby killing the growth of cancer cells. These may be: (i) medications called luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) or (ii) anti-androgens to prevent testosterone from reaching your cancer cells.
  • Orchiectomy to remove the testicles so that testosterone levels in your body are reduced.
  • Cryosurgery or cryoablation which freezes tissue to kill cancer cells. This is used only when radiation is not successful.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill rapidly growing cells, like cancer cells. 
  • Immunotherapy uses your body's immune system to fight cancer cells. 
FAQs:الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • What is the diet to be followed when one gets prostate cancer?

    A: Avoid fat from red meat, as it may boost male hormone levels which in turn encourages the growth of cancerous prostate cells. Increase fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily intake.

  • Are there other diseases with similar symptoms as prostate cancer?

    A: Enlarged prostate problem called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or another problem called prostatitis may have symptoms similar to prostate cancer. At Medcare, you can consult a specialist and get the necessary diagnostic tests to identify what the problem is exactly.

  • Can prostate cancer spread to other parts of the body?

    A: If the cancer spreads beyond the prostate, it may either spread to the area just outside the prostate, called ‘locally advanced prostate cancer’, or it may spread to other parts of the body, called ‘advanced prostate cancer’.

  • Is it advisable for healthy men to get themselves screened for prostate cancer?

    A: You should discuss this with your doctor. Depending on your age and health, your doctor may advise regular screening for prostate cancer. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is a blood test and can help to detect prostate cancer early. Early detection greatly increases the chances of a full cure.