Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — which is a small walnut-shaped gland found in men that produces the seminal fluid which nourishes and helps transport sperm. It begins from the cells in the prostate gland and can also spread to other surrounding organs. This is one of the most common types of cancers that affects men.
Prostate cancer affects the prostate, a walnut-shaped gland in men responsible for producing seminal fluid. Prostate cancer causes and genesis can be traced to cells in your prostate that become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells' DNA cause the cells to grow rapidly. These form a tumour and can metastasise to other parts of the body.
The following factors increase the risk of getting prostate cancer:
Signs & Symptoms:
In its early stage, prostate cancer may not show any signs or symptoms. However, in the advanced stage, the symptoms may be:
Blood in the semen.
Difficulty while urinating and less force in the stream of urine.
Erectile dysfunction and pain in the pelvic area.
Pain in the bones.
Prostate cancer diagnosis starts with a digital rectal exam (DRE), and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test to check for prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer.
If a DRE or PSA test detects an abnormality, further prostate cancer tests like ultrasound, prostate biopsy or MRI fusion are recommended to enable more-precise targeting for follow-up treatment.
At Medcare, you can discuss prostate cancer symptoms and treatment with our urologists. Depending on how fast the cancer is growing, the prostate cancer treatment is decided. Treatment options also vary depending on the prostate cancer stages.
A: Avoid fat from red meat, as it may boost male hormone levels which in turn encourages the growth of cancerous prostate cells. Increase fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily intake.
A: Enlarged prostate problem called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or another problem called prostatitis may have symptoms similar to prostate cancer. At Medcare, you can consult a specialist and get the necessary diagnostic tests to identify what the problem is exactly.
A: If the cancer spreads beyond the prostate, it may either spread to the area just outside the prostate, called ‘locally advanced prostate cancer’, or it may spread to other parts of the body, called ‘advanced prostate cancer’.
A: You should discuss this with your doctor. Depending on your age and health, your doctor may advise regular screening for prostate cancer. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is a blood test and can help to detect prostate cancer early. Early detection greatly increases the chances of a full cure.