Believe that the greatest gift you can give your family and the world is a healthy you. – Joyce Meyer

What is prostate englargement (BPH)?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) which is also called prostate gland enlargement is a common condition as men get older. It is a noncancerous increase in the size of the prostate gland. The enlarged prostate gland can squeeze the urethra - the tube that carries urine and semen out of the penis and causes uncomfortable urinary symptoms like blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder.

Possible Causes: 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called prostate gland enlargement, is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate blocking the flow of urine through the urethra. The prostate cells multiply, creating an enlargement that puts pressure on the urethra through which urine and semen exit the body.

The possible causes for an enlarged prostate are the hormonal changes that take place in your body as you grow older, rising testosterone levels and changes in testicular cells.

Risk Factors: 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia put you at a higher risk for developing UTI. You could develop bladder stones, blood in the urine, incontinence and an inability to urinate. In rare cases, bladder or kidney damage can develop due to BPH.

Signs & Symptoms: 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms are of two types:

  • Obstructive: those caused by pressure on your urethra.
    • Difficulty in starting to urinate.
    • You forcefully urinate and the stream is weak.
    • Stop and start urinating many times.
    • Urine trickles out at the end.
  • BPH affecting your bladder, display the following signs:
    • Sudden urge to urinate.
    • Frequent need to urinate.
    • A feeling of incompleteness even after urinating.
    • Nocturia.
    • Blood, pain or burning sensation when you urinate.


A specialist at Medcare will conduct the necessary examinations for a benign prostatic hyperplasia diagnosis. Urologists first ensure that other disorders are ruled out through physical examination and laboratory tests; BPH is often a diagnosis of exclusion.

Symptoms of prostate enlargement are very individual as some people have more growth than others. So, after the specialist makes sure that there is nothing serious, treatment can begin. Regular check-ups once a year or more often enable doctors to watch for early problems and signs that the condition may pose a health risk or major inconvenience.

Treatment Options: 

Schedule a consultation with a specialist at Medcare to start on the right benign prostatic hyperplasia treatment for you. The treatment may encompass lifestyle changes, medicine, and surgery.

Make simple changes in your habits. Drink fewer liquids especially caffeine and alcohol before bedtime. Avoid some over-the-counter medications.

Three types of enlarged prostate medications are available if the condition is moderate and each works differently in the body:

  • Alpha blockers.
  • 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs).
  • Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors (PDE5 inhibitors).

Sometimes BPH doesn't respond to lifestyle changes, medications, or supplements. If that's true for you, there are both minimally invasive procedures and surgical options available. Minimally invasive procedures to treat BPH include:

  • Rezūm water vapour therapy.
  • Transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT).
  • UroLift system.

Surgical treatment will involve removal of the enlarged part of the prostate, and will be recommended if the condition is interfering with your quality of life, and has not responded to other treatment options.

FAQs: الأسئلة الشائعة:
  • Will my enlarged prostate affect my life?

    A: This condition isn’t fatal, however it can be uncomfortable and inconvenient. With expert treatment from the urologists at Medcare, you will get the best treatment for your enlarged prostate. This will prevent the risk of further complications in the future.

  • Does cancer cause an enlarged prostate?

    A: BPH happens when your prostate becomes enlarged, but cancer isn’t the cause. A man’s prostate continues growing throughout most of his adult life. This is why many older men are affected by the condition.

  • I have been diagnosed as having BPH but can live with the symptoms. Do I need treatment? Is it dangerous to have an enlarged prostate?

    A: Yes, you should not neglect BPH even if the symptoms are not bothering you currently. If left untreated, BPH can progress and cause medical problems in the future. When the bladder does not empty completely, there are chances of developing urinary tract infections (UTIs). 

    More serious problems, such as bladder stones, blood in the urine (haematuria), incontinence, or urinary retention may develop over time. In rare cases, bladder or kidney damage can develop from BPH.