|Dr Mousumee Nanda|
Dr. Mousumee Nanda is a dermatologist and cosmetologist with over two decades of experience in this field. She holds a Masters Degree from the American Academy.
When shades of black, brown, blue, or purple start appearing under your eyes - and it isn’t make-up - it most likely will be dark circles. Dark circles have a way of taking over the charm and glow of your face and making it seem like you haven’t gotten a good night’s sleep in a while. There are multiple ways to get rid of dark circles. But before trying any of these, it is important to understand what causes them.
Causes of dark circles
While dark circles are commonly associated with lack of sleep and exhaustion, the reasons for these dark marks and the hollowness below the eyes are more varied. Here are some of the most common causes of dark circles:
Common and well-known for causing dark circles under the eyes, fatigue can come about due to either lack of sleep or oversleeping. When you don’t sleep enough, fluid builds up underneath your eyes, making them puffy and causing bags to form under the eyes. The dark blood vessels and tissues underneath your skin also start to show as your skin becomes pale.
Overexposure to the sun increases the production of melanin - the skin pigment that causes the area under your eyes to darken. It's another reason why you should always have a pair of sunglasses and a tube of sunscreen when heading out!
Collagen is a body protein abundantly found in the skin, bones, muscles, and tendons. It provides strength, structure, and firmness to the skin. As you age, the production of collagen in your body drops, causing your skin to lose its elasticity and become thinner. This makes the blood vessels under your skin more visible, darkening the area to form dark circles.
When you have an allergy, your body’s immune system releases a compound called histamine to fight the bacteria. Histamine causes the blood cells under the eyes to dilate and makes them more visible. This results in puffiness and dark circles under your eyes.
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is another cause for dark circles. It causes itchy skin that, over time, can make the skin thick, elevated, and scaly. Excessive itching and rubbing of eyes lead to the swelling and inflammation of the blood vessels under the eyes, making them look dark and almost bruised.
Ways to get rid of dark circles
Home remedies for dark circles
If you notice dark hollows under your eyes and want a quick way to get rid of them, here are some easy home remedies for dark circles that you can try.
Certain types of moisturisers and creams, especially those containing vitamins K and E, can help with dark circles. They hydrate the skin, making it stronger and thicker. This reduces the visibility of blood vessels under the eyes, thereby reducing the prominence of dark circles.
A popular home remedy for dark circles, tea bags improve blood circulation and reduce liquid retention under the eyes. However, it is best to use organic tea to avoid chemicals. The antioxidants in green, black, and white teas have an anti-inflammatory and soothing effect. Additionally, the caffeine in these teas constricts the blood vessels, further reducing inflammation.
Vitamins K, C & E:
Vitamin K helps strengthen veins and capillaries. Food sources rich in vitamin K include spinach, kale, brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, and avocados.
Vitamin C helps builds collagen and strengthens the skin. Oranges, grapefruit, kiwi, strawberries, peppers, and brussels sprouts are good food sources for vitamin C.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that has anti-ageing benefits. Vegetable oils, nuts, olives, mangoes, avocados, spinach, and broccoli are some foods rich in vitamin E.
Many times, dark circles are unavoidable due to the face structure, genetics, or other body-related aspects. In such cases, medical treatments are more lasting and effective when it comes to dark circles remedy. Most of these are minimally invasive or non-surgical procedures that are quick, with little or no down-time.
Laser therapy is one of the most effective dark circle treatments. It involves subjecting the targeted areas on the skin to intense light and heat that is absorbed by the blood vessels. This reduces hyperpigmentation and stimulates blood flow. Laser therapy also causes the skin to resurface and tighten, thereby doing away with dark circles under the eyes.
Medcare has a team of cosmetology experts, who use cutting-edge technology to provide highly specialised and customised treatment plans for laser skin resurfacing and rejuvenation, among other surgical treatments. You can find the right doctor to discuss treatment options and book an appointment online.
A chemical peel, in a way, lets you shed your skin. It is an acid solution that, when applied to the face, allowing your skin to peel off. Along with the outer, old layer of your skin that has been exposed to sun, pollution and other damaging agents, the dark circles under your eyes and spots also disappear.
Chemical peels for dark circles under eyes treatment use acids such as alpha hydroxy and glycolic that help lighten the hyperpigmentation under and around the eyes. The new layer of skin is softer, smoother, and less hyperpigmented.
Blepharoplasty, also known as eye bag surgery, is an effective procedure for removing the bags under eyes and dark circles. This procedure does away with the excess fat under your eyes that makes them baggy and puffy. It, hence, makes the bags under eyes disappear and gives your skin a youthful and rejuvenated look.
In most of the causes for dark circles, it’s the thinning of the skin that makes the blood vessels and tissues more visible. This volume loss can create a hollow under the eyes, and for such dark circles, fillers are an excellent treatment option. Fillers are injections containing a certain type of gel, like hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma, that are injected into the undereye area to fill the hollowness and make it look plump and brighter.
Dark circles affect people of all ages and ethnicities. While home remedies can be effective, if the dark circles are pronounced, opting for medical treatment is a better option. You don’t have to let dark circles take over your face and energy. You can consult an expert to understand which treatment is best for you and get rid of dark circles to feel more like yourself when you look in the mirror.
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