Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal disorder that often afflicts women of reproductive age. This condition makes it difficult to conceive and causes periods to be irregular. Some women get acne or increased facial hair.
As PCOS increases the risk of other health problems, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, it is important to get the right advice. Women with PCOS can conceive with the right treatment.
PCOS is a hormonal disorder in women which leads to irregular periods, infertility and increased levels of androgen, the male hormone. Many patients with PCOS may suffer from obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, mood disorders, heart disease, high levels of insulin, and may develop insulin resistance.
While the exact PCOS causes aren’t known, some contributing factors that are suspected are:
There are some factors that increase the risk of PCOS:
Signs & Symptoms:
A PCOS symptoms checklist is:
If your gynaecologist suspects PCOS, a pelvic exam to check for masses and growths would be conducted. Blood tests could be advised in order to check the levels of hormones. An ultrasound exam to check the ovaries and uterus may also be required.
Regular testing of blood pressure, sugar and cholesterol may also be necessary.
At Medcare, PCOS treatment focusses on managing the specific concerns of the patient – whether infertility or acne or obesity.
A: Yes, with the right treatment, you can successfully conceive even if you have PCOS. PCOS causes a hormonal imbalance that prevents the release timely of eggs from the ovaries, a process called ovulation. Your gynaecologist will treat you to overcome this and normalise ovulation so that you can become pregnant.
A: Birth control is a common treatment given to PCOS patients who are not trying to get pregnant. Hormonal birth control pills or a patch or a hormonal IUD can help restore regular menstrual cycles. Acne and unwanted hair growth may also reduce with certain specific class of hormonal contraceptives.
A: Many women with PCOS are overweight. Losing up to 5% to 10% of body weight has been shown to regulate menstrual cycles and thereby ovulation by decreasing the insulin resistance in the body, which is one of the main pathologies of PCOS.